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Sweetener Showdown: Comparing White Sugar, Cane Sugar, Alcohol Sugar, Monk Fruit, Stevia, and Artificial Sweeteners

In the quest for the perfect sweetener, it’s easy to get lost in the sea of options available today. From traditional white sugar to natural alternatives like monk fruit and stevia, and synthetic substitutes, each has its unique characteristics, benefits, and potential drawbacks. Let’s dive in and explore how these sweeteners stack up against each other.

1. White Sugar

Source: White sugar, also known as table sugar or granulated sugar, is typically derived from either sugar cane or sugar beets.

Taste: It has a clean, sweet taste without any additional flavours, making it a popular choice for baking and cooking.

Nutritional Profile: White sugar is high in calories and offers no nutritional benefits beyond its energy content. One teaspoon contains about 16 calories and 4 grams of carbohydrates.

Health Impact: Consuming white sugar in large quantities can lead to weight gain, increased risk of type 2 diabetes, and dental problems. It’s also known to cause spikes in blood sugar levels.

2. Cane Sugar

Source: Cane sugar comes specifically from sugar cane.

Taste: Similar to white sugar, cane sugar has a sweet flavour but may have slight variations depending on the processing method.

Nutritional Profile: Nutritionally, cane sugar is almost identical to white sugar, with the same calorie and carbohydrate content. However, less processed forms of cane sugar, like turbinado or raw sugar, retain trace amounts of minerals.

Health Impact: The health impacts are similar to white sugar, contributing to potential weight gain, blood sugar spikes, and dental issues when consumed excessively.

3. Alcohol Sugar (Sugar Alcohols)

Source: Sugar alcohols, such as xylitol, erythritol, and sorbitol, are derived from fruits and vegetables or manufactured from starches.

Taste: They provide a sweetness similar to sugar but often with a cooling effect. They vary in sweetness intensity compared to white sugar.

Nutritional Profile: Sugar alcohols contain fewer calories than regular sugar—typically about 1.5 to 3 calories per gram. They also have a lower glycemic index.

Health Impact: Sugar alcohols do not cause sudden spikes in blood sugar levels, making them a better option for people with diabetes. However, consuming large amounts can lead to digestive issues, such as bloating and diarrhea.

4. Monk Fruit

Source: Monk fruit sweetener is derived from the monk fruit, a small green melon native to southern China.

Taste: Monk fruit is much sweeter than sugar, often up to 200 times sweeter, with a slight aftertaste that some people may find unusual.

Nutritional Profile: Monk fruit sweetener has zero calories and carbohydrates, making it an attractive option for those looking to reduce calorie intake.

Health Impact: Monk fruit is considered safe with no known side effects. It’s suitable for diabetics and those on low-carb diets. However, pure monk fruit sweetener can be expensive and hard to find.

5. Stevia

Source: Stevia is derived from the leaves of the Stevia rebaudiana plant.

Taste: Stevia is about 200-300 times sweeter than sugar and has a distinct, slightly bitter aftertaste.

Nutritional Profile: Stevia is calorie-free and does not contain any carbohydrates.

Health Impact: Stevia is safe for people with diabetes and those looking to reduce calorie intake. Some people might experience digestive issues or a dislike for its aftertaste. I suffer from migraines if I consume Stevia, this is also a known side effect for some people.

6. Artificial Sweeteners

Source: Artificial sweeteners such as aspartame, saccharin, and sucralose are synthetically produced.

Taste: They vary in sweetness, often being hundreds of times sweeter than sugar. Some can have a metallic or chemical aftertaste.

Nutritional Profile: These sweeteners are typically calorie-free and contain no carbohydrates.

Health Impact: Artificial sweeteners do not affect blood sugar levels, making them suitable for diabetics. However, there is ongoing debate and research about their long-term health effects. Some studies suggest potential links to metabolic disorders, though evidence is not conclusive.

All Epicure products that contain sugar contain Organic Cane Sugar.  With Epicure’s commitment to offer sugar conscious products the presence of organic cane sugar is sufficient to sweeten the product without being overly sweet.


Choosing the right sweetener depends on your dietary needs, health goals, and taste preferences. White and cane sugar offer a familiar taste but come with health risks when overconsumed. Alcohol sugars and natural alternatives like monk fruit and stevia provide lower-calorie options with minimal impact on blood sugar levels, though they may have unique aftertastes or digestive effects. Artificial sweeteners offer no calories but come with their own set of controversies.

Understanding the differences between these sweeteners can help you make informed choices that align with your lifestyle and health objectives. I’d love to hear from you and your choices for sweetening your foods.

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